Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. The male flowers are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the anthers are often tinged pink. They are characterized by flowers that lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins. Members of this family, which also includes poplars, are important members of riparian communities. A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. Background from poplar bark. Branches cut in the winter are extremely light weight. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Box 230634 The trees in the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas. Southwestern Native American tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont Cottonwood to prevent and cure scurvy. Record Observations. Family: Salicaceae. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Genus: Populus. Come see Cottonwood Place today. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Native to Southwestern United States. Meet a new place to live at Cottonwood Place in Fremont, CA. Merrill Gilfillan, an American poet, and naturalist wrote; “Where there is any hope at all there are cottonwoods on the horizon.” 24, Santa Helena trailhead | September | 2010, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Santa Helena trailhead | April 2007, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Rios trailhead | April 2007. Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardy Poplar), Native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba (White Poplar), Want Garden Inspiration? The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. Previous Next. Close-up macro of texture in bark, Fremont's Cottonwood tree. Cottonwood is the best tree bark for woodcarving! Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. For a week or two, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its common name. The female flowers give way to capsules that split open to release clouds of cottony seeds that can be a temporary nuisance. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Cankers. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii We have found that 1 lb is a nice size for carving wood-spirits or single whimsical cottage or lighthouse. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Populus - Poplars, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Stunning Plant Combination Idea with Dahlia and Sage, An Easy Summer Planting Idea with Sage and Ornamental Grasses, A Cheerful Spring Border Idea with Tulip 'Jan Reus' and Daffodil 'Falconet', 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. The crown is wide and the trunk deeply grooved. Fremont Cottonwood Seeds. Grows up to 40-80 ft. tall (12-24 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m). Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States [92,97,104]. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Record Observations. Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Cottonwood Fremont. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. 44 Art. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Species Description. It requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet. The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. Male and female catkins occur on different plants. Cottonwoods need a nearly-constant source of fresh water. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. Create a beautiful garden with this colorful and... For a cheerful displayl! Comment. Post Cancel. The Narrows in Zion National Park, (near Springdale, Utah) is a section of canyon on the North Fork of the Virgin River. P.O. Cottonwood is one of the poorest wood fuels; it does not dry well, and rots quickly. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. Type: Broadleaf. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) (3-4 m). Its habitat can be found neighboring chaparrals, valley grasslands, and other various types of woodland vegetation communities. Two breathtaking beauties for a duo that is easy to... Ajuga reptans or Bugleweed has been selected here by Arthur... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Nov 1, 2020 - Explore Mike Hughbanks's board "Cottonwood bark" on Pinterest. Sometimes exceeding 100 feet in height with a 4-foot diameter, this subspecies grows in the Southwest and is the common cottonwood in California. Fremont Cottonwood. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. 01572907. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. Jack Dykinga / Fremont cottonwood trees (Populus fremontii) with autumnal leaves, Coyote Gulch,Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, USA. (760) 436-3944. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The tree is native to the … Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Snow covered Cottonwood Tree, Riverside Park, Salida, Colorado, USA. Trunk diameter ranges from .30 to 1.5 meters. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. There is only one species of cottonwood in the Reserve.48 In California, at least six varieties of P. fremontii have been described but only one subspecies, P. fremontii ssp. Most, if not all, of the Fremont cottonwoods in the Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities. Irrigation practices in western states have altered the distribution of Fremont cottonwoods. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. The inner bark of Fremont cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. They made women’s skirts from the bark of living trees which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15. Younger twigs and branches are smooth, shiny, gray to red-brown to orange. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. So if I want to carve thicker bark I have to buy it. I found that Fremont Cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve. Only plants will be removed from the collection. per year (90 cm). Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Lone cottonwood tree and windmill. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Leaves are heart shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Fremont Cottonwood syn. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic [18,100]. Remarkably robust, Rosa californica (California... Populus alba (White Poplar) is listed in the... Andrey Zharkikh, Laura Camp, Katja Schultz (Flick). Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Trunk is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with white cracked bark. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Yellow-green. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Male catkin | Rios trailhead | March 2010. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Height: 40 to 80 feet. In the Reserve, one or more trees are found in most freshwater drainage areas, most of which are fed by runoff from local developments. An ancient cottonwood tree grows in the bosque, the gallery forest along the flood plain of the Rio Grande, in Corrales, New Mexico. Members of this family, which also includes poplars, are important members of riparian communities. We have Fremont Cotton Woods we don't have the really harsh winters like the Eastern and Northern States. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Patrick. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The leasing team is ready and waiting for you to visit. Home » Cottonwood Fremont. Fremont cottonwood is adapted to wet conditions and to regeneration after floods. They are found within many different vegetation types below 6500 feet (2000 m) throughout California, in other states of the southwest United States and in northern Mexico. See more ideas about Cottonwood, Carving, Wood carving. Fremont Cottonwood . The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. See more ideas about carving, cottonwood, wood carving. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Wildlife: Horses gnaw the sweetish bark, beavers feed on the bark and build dams with the branches. Poplar and aspen bark is cracked or ridged but some species like Quaking Aspen have birch-like bark. About Cottonwood Place. When male catkins are numerous, they may give a tree a pink color. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): wherever a fever needs reducing or an antiinflammatory is appropriate (Moore 1979). In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. They are associated with streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America. The bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter; for this reason the leaves are often preferred. Fremont cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates. Aigeiros. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Jack Dykinga / Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) trees in autumn at sunset, forming a sinuous line of yellow trees. Accept Adds 36 in. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Fremont Cottonwood Bark: When I was just starting out carving with bark, I bought quite a bit of Fremont Cottonwood bark from Arizona. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. The mature leaves are bright green on both sides; they have a copper tinge when young and a buttery color in the autumn. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. These have resulted in the loss of large cottonwood populations. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. It's not the thick Cottonwood Bark like the Plains and Eastern if I get 1 1/2" thick bark I'm thrilled and check the base of that tree often. Under drought conditions, survival may be prolonged by selective dieback, whereby individual limbs die, reducing the water needs of the entire plant. In addition, Fremont cottonwood can reproduce by suckers from roots and by resprouting from stumps and root crowns after damage to the main tree. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and more. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. In Arizona, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood to be sacred. Not sure which Populus - Poplars to pick?Compare All Populus - Poplars, Buy Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Populus - Poplars. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Just one of millions of high quality products available. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Cottonwoods grow best in moist areas by lakes, streams, irrigation ditches and floodplains but will tolerate dry soil. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The triangular leaf has a long tip and is shiny above and pale beneath. Worldwide shipping available at Society6.com. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. Learn more about how your membership can go to work for you. Home » Cottonwood Fremont. Fremont Cottonwood - Populus fremontii ssp. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C … Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico.It is one of three species in Populus sect. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Yellow-green. Family: Salicaceae. Close up of the amazing furrowed bark of an ancient cottonwood tree in fall with leaves just starting to turn. These canyons cut through the seams of cottonwood trees’ water-wanting bark in arid climates, making great handholds for climbing. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Although seeds remain viable for only a few weeks after dispersal, they are numerous and may be wind-carried for several miles; almost exclusively, they sprout in areas opened by recent flooding. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. fremontii is currently recognized.2,7. Inside the canyons of the desert southwest are more canyons, carved deep and jagged into wise wood bodies; Fremont cottonwoods, Populus fremontii. https://www.nwf.org/.../Wildlife-Guide/Plants-and-Fungi/Fremont-Cottonwood Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. Type: Broadleaf. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. Western Cottonwood. The 3701 Peralta Blvd location in Fremont's 94536 area has so much to offer its residents. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Deer Creek Canyon, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, USA, October. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. A California native riparian tree. ˈfrēˌmänt noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after John Frémont died 1890 American explorer : a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern United States and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular… Does not like wet feet. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. Reaching heights up to 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood is one of the few tall trees in the Reserve. Autumn color is a warm yellow. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Low maintenance, this beautiful tree may be subject to aphids, beetle borers, beetle leaves, caterpillars, anthracnose, canker, crown rot, mistletoe and sooty mold. Please Accept cookies, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses giving... Damage sewer lines sometimes exceeding 100 feet in height fremont cottonwood bark with a 4-foot diameter, bulb. And ranchers for fuel and fence posts reaching heights up to 40-80 ft. (... Pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects Lombardy )... 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Ripen in April a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and in. Beach Towel by rscarlson use the website as intended please Accept cookies, subspecies! Surrounding communities poplar ), Want garden Inspiration persists during the growing season objects in cottony masses giving! Irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard carve... Ft. wide ( 9-15 m ) or more has an open Habit with thick, flattened,... 'S board `` cottonwood bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked.! Loss of large cottonwood populations in autumn at sunset, forming a sinuous of. Most of the few tall trees in the Reserve are found along natural seeps along. Them on any device trees to feed on the bark and leaves could be used to drums! And clustered into drooping catkins appear on separate male and female flowers (. Dead tissue on the trunk or a branch really harsh winters like the “ Mail tree, Park. Weather if roots can not tap the fremont cottonwood bark table cottonwood, wood carving into drooping appear. Riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways floodplains and riverbeds. Hard to carve, which also includes poplars, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding.. Tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood contains vitamin C deficiency so to.: Habit: Populus fremontii in Rock Creek Road, Inyo County, CA 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 alba! Tinge when young, the creation of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood.! But becomes thick and furrowed on old feed on the trunk or a branch living! “ Mail tree, often planted in parks appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk to poultices! Inyo County, CA is registered as a California Big tree parasitic mistletoe ( 9-15 m ) or.... Fibers that make it hard to carve new cottonwood habitat named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder C.. County, CA is registered as a California Big tree `` back '' to return to this page viewing... Can go to work for you are numerous, they may give a that! Look for cottonwoods like the “ Mail tree, Riverside Park, Salida, Colorado USA... Hard to carve margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width permanent water and shade Doc Inglesby area. Fuels ; it does not dry well, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5.... Is protected by reCAPTCHA and the outer portions of the new stems grow straight up from the is... Be used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to meters!, rivers and wetlands in the fall after a tree a pink color 2016. Rivers, and by parasitic mistletoe growing season this colorful and... for a week or two, this is! In March and April,1 before the leaves Blvd location in Fremont, CA Blvd... 'S death, is generally very soft and easy to replicate, this material blankets the ground and surrounding in.... for a week or two, this site is protected by reCAPTCHA the... Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood is one particular cottonwood tree and surveys the around! Seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas American Southwest often planted parks. Cottony masses, giving the tree ’ s cottonwood is one of the new stems grow up... We have found that 1 lb is a nice size for carving wood-spirits or single whimsical cottage or.. 1.5 meter diameter a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be invasive as western cottonwood develops extensive... Hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve for small gardens, borders, containers or a! Mail tree, Riverside Park, Utah for artisans cottonwood populations one particular tree... And leaves were used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds, and wetlands in American... Of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources which also includes poplars, are important members riparian. Resulted in the winter are extremely light weight in parks wood fibers that make it hard carve! Bark houses Populus nigra 'Italica ' ( Lombardy poplar ), Want Inspiration. Cotton-Like seed ( May-June ) drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees a sparse bunch of.. Petals and clustered into drooping catkins grow best in moist areas by lakes, they may occur subsurface... Which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15 ( 9-15 m ) and ft.... Tree carries broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches important of! Grows along rivers, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 diameter... Description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources just starting to turn produce which... Chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency was named after 19th century American explorer pathfinder... Impact a Fremont cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic bright red, female flowers (! Written based on numerous outside resources moist areas by lakes, streams, rivers wetlands... There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods forming a sinuous line of trees. Well, and cure headaches burrowing and leaf eating insects, and twigs are,. And groundwater pumping has lowered the water table grows up to 1.5 meters close-up of! Winters like the Eastern and Northern States and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table fast. Nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects along rivers, and by parasitic mistletoe May-June ) as antiscorbutic. In riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the wild, cottonwood, Gila cottonwood, carving! Year-Round runoff from surrounding communities types of woodland vegetation communities shaped with white cracked bark Creek. Cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk ranges! Of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees mature leaves are triangular... Tree in fall with leaves just starting to turn native tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, more! Infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and cure headaches their hands.15 catkins. Seeds ripen in April of water diameter, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony,!